VGTRK (National State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company)
Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Company" (RTR) was founded on July 14, 1990. A few months later radio "Radio Rossiyi" was on the air. On May 13, 1991 the TV channel RTR, which was renamed to "Rossiya" in 2001, began its broadcast.
In early 1993, Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Company" acquired the status of a national broadcasting company. That same year, the RTR became a full member of the European Broadcasting Union, entitled to key decisions in the EBU operation, and the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union.
In 1998 all media assets were merged by the decree of the Russian president into a holding company. So Russia got the largest corporation of the state electronic media, which is present in all niches today’s Russian television.
In January 2010 the RTR rebranded TV channels: the "Vesti 24" changed its name to "Rossiya 24" and "Culture" to "Rossiya K" (Russia Culture).
The structure of the RTR.
At present, Federal State Unitary Enterprise "The Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Company" has the leading position at the national broadcasting market, and is one of the leading producers of content. The RTR comprises:
National TV channels: "Rossiya 1", "Rossiya K";
over 80 regional TV and radio networks broadcasting in all regions of the Russian Federation;
Russia's first 24/7 news channel – "Russia 24";
"RTR-Planet" – a TV channel operating abroad in the Russian language since 2002;
a Russian-language version of the "Euronews" TV channel;
four radio channels: "Radio Rossiyi", "Mayak" (Lighthouse), "Kultura" (Culture), "Vesti FM";
a state Internet channel "Rossiya" combining dozens of online resources.
In addition, the RTR and Rostelecom offer the first Russian package of non-air television channels "Digital television", which consists of seventeen channels, satisfying any requests of the audience: "Moya Planeta" (My planet), "Nauka 2.0" (Science 2.0), "Istoriya" (History), "Zhivaya Planeta" (Living Planet), "T24", "Mult" (Cartoon), "Russian romance", "Russian detective", "Russian bestseller", NST (Real terrible TV) and other.